Hundred Years' War

   The Hundred Years' War between France and England lasted from 1337 to 1453. It was caused above all by the rivalry between King philip vi of France and King Edward III of England who, upon the death of King Charles iv, the last Capetian in the direct line without an heir, claimed the French Crown because he was the son of isabelle, daughter of King Philip the Fair. During the reign of Philip VI, the French were defeated at Crécy (1346) and lost Calais (1347). Under jean ii, the English Black Prince Edward triumphed at Poitiers (1356); France, weakened because of the uprisings in Paris (see Etienne marcel) and devastated by the jacquerie, was obliged to sign the disastrous Treaty of Brétigny (1360); as a result, a fourth of Philippe the Fair's kingdom was lost. King charles v and Bertrand du gueslin rectified the situation, and the English could occupy only Calais and Guyenne. Under King charles vi, the civil war between the Burgundians and Armagnacs, as well as Charles's mistakes, allowed the English, who won the battle of Agincourt (1415), to again gain the upper hand and impose, with the complicity of isabeau of bavaria, the shameful Treaty of Troyes (1420), concluded with the English, which gave the French crown to King Henry V. Under King charles vii, joan of arc revived French patriotism; the heroine delivered orléans and had the king crowned at Reims, but she was taken at Compiègne and burned at Rouen (1431). Meanwhile, the initiative passed to the French, and, thanks to brave leadership (jean xantrailles, jean dunois, la hire), the English were defeated at Formigny (1450) and Castillon (1453), then driven from the kingdom except for Calais, which they held until 1558. The events of the Hundred Years' War comprise the first manifestations of French nationalism.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hundred Years War — (1337–1453)    The “Hundred Years War” is a nineteenthcentury term conventionally applied to an intermittent series of Anglo French wars fought between 1337 and 1453. Spanning the reigns of five monarchs in each country, the Hundred Years War… …   Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses

  • Hundred Years' War — Clockwise, from top left: John of Bohemia at the Battle of Crécy, Plantagenet and Franco Castilian fleets at the Battle of La Rochelle …   Wikipedia

  • Hundred Years War — Hundred Years War, the a series of wars between England and France from 1337 1453, when the English kings tried to keep control of land which they ruled in France. The French finally won, and forced the English to leave France …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Hundred Years' War — n. a series of English French wars (1337 to 1453), in which England lost all its possessions in France except Calais (lost to France in 1558) …   English World dictionary

  • Hundred Years' War — noun the series of wars fought intermittently between France and England; 1337 1453 • Instance Hypernyms: ↑war, ↑warfare • Part Meronyms: ↑Crecy, ↑battle of Crecy * * * the series of wars between England and France, 1337 1453, in which England… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Hundred Years' War — the series of wars between England and France, 1337 1453, in which England lost all its possessions in France except Calais. * * * (1337–1453) Intermittent armed conflict between England and France over territorial rights and the issue of… …   Universalium

  • Hundred Years' War — war between England and France in the 14th and 15th centuries …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Hundred Years War — The interminable series of conflicts between England and France which lasted from May 1337 to October 1453. Although it was initiated by a clash over control of the Flemish wool trade, the roots of this conflict dated back to William the… …   Medieval glossary

  • Hundred Years' War —    Series of wars between France and England that began with the decision of King Edward III of England to invade France in 1337 and lasted sporadically until 1453, when the French finally drove the English armies from French soil. The war fell… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Hundred Years War — a war between France and England that lasted, with long periods between battles, from the 1340s to the 1450s. The English were trying to get control of France, and won some major battles, including Crécy (1346) and Agincourt (1415), but by the… …   Universalium

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